The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool that was designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional and national levels
The GHI 2021 report published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe assessed 132 countries based on the GHI indicators
The GHI scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger- insufficient caloric intake (undernourishment), child undernutrition and child mortality using four component indicators:
Undernourishment: the proportion of the undernourished as a percentage of the population
Child wasting: the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from wasting, a sign of acute undernutrition
Child stunting: the proportion of children under the age of five suffering from stunting, a sign of chronic undernutrition and
Child mortality: the mortality rate of children under the age of five
The index ranks countries on a scale of 0 (no hunger) to 100. The higher the score, the more alarming the hunger problem in the country
Less than 9.9 indicates little hunger; 10 to 19.9: moderate hunger; 20 and 34.9: serious hunger situation; 35 to 49.9: alarming hunger situation; above 50: extremely alarming hunger situation.
Based on GHI projections, the world will likely fail to achieve a low level of hunger by 2030.
Conflict, climate change, and COVID-19 are the most powerful forces driving hunger
Sub Saharan Africa has the highest rates of undernourishment, child stunting, and child mortality of any region of the world.
Of major concern is its rising undernourishment rate, which increased from 19.6 percent in 2014–2016 to 21.8 percent in 2018– 2020 (FAO 2021).